A Theory of Entanglement

Stan Gudder

Abstract


This article presents the basis of a theory of entanglement. We begin with a classical theory of entangled discrete measures. Then, we treat quantum mechanics and discuss the statistics of bounded operators on a Hilbert space in terms of context coefficients. Finally, we combine both topics to develop a general theory of entanglement for quantum states. A measure of entanglement called the entanglement number is introduced. Although this number is related to entanglement robustness, its motivation is not the same and there are some differences. The present article only involves bipartite systems and we leave the study of multipartite systems for later work.

Quanta 2020; 9: 7–15.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.12743/quanta.v9i1.115

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ISSN: 1314-7374